Many changes and advances within the field of dental anesthesia have taken place since the last revision of this text. Recent discoveries have added considerably to our understanding of pain mechanisms while pharmacologic innovations have given the profession new dimensions within the control of both pain and anxiety.
an emotion that always accompanies dental treatment. an effort has been made to include as many of those new concepts techniques and agents into this text as feasible. Simultaneously outdated material was deleted and a couple of aspects were retained just for their historical significance.
Nevertheless, the rapidity with which developments within the field are happening makes completeness an impossibility. In spite of the various changes noted during this edition, every effort was made to preserve the time-honored principles of sound practice and patient care.