SUPERNUMERARY TOOTH

Introduction:

A supernumerary tooth is an extra tooth that is present in the mouth. These teeth can be found in any part of the mouth, but are most commonly seen in the front of the mouth, near the incisors. Supernumerary teeth are also known as supplemental or accessory teeth.

Supernumerary teeth are relatively rare, occurring in less than 0.5% of the population. They can cause problems if they erupt into the mouth and crowd or disturb the normal alignment of the teeth. Treatment may be required to remove the supernumerary tooth or to prevent problems with dental development.

Causes of Supernumerary Tooth:

The exact cause of supernumerary teeth is unknown, but they are thought to be the result of an overgrowth of tooth-forming cells in the Jaw during fetal development. Supernumerary teeth may be inherited and can run in families.

Symptoms of Supernumerary Teeth:

Supernumerary teeth may not cause any symptoms and may only be discovered during a routine dental examination. In some cases, supernumerary teeth can crowd or disturb the normal alignment of the teeth, causing problems with dental development.

Treatment for Supernumerary Teeth:

If a supernumerary tooth is not causing any problems, no treatment may be necessary. The tooth can be monitored by a dentist or orthodontist to make sure it is not affecting the development of the surrounding teeth.

If a supernumerary tooth is causing problems, treatment may be required to remove the tooth or to prevent problems with dental development. Treatment options for supernumerary teeth include:

1. Dental Extraction:

This is the most common treatment for supernumerary teeth. The tooth is removed by a dentist or oral surgeon.

2. Orthodontic Treatment:

In some cases, orthodontic treatment may be used to move the surrounding teeth and make room for the supernumerary tooth.

3. Maxillary Expansion:

This treatment is used to widen the upper jaw. A device is placed in the mouth to gradually expand the jaw over a period of time. This treatment may be used in children who have not yet reached puberty.

4. Surgery:

In some cases, surgery may be needed to remove a supernumerary tooth. Surgery is typically only considered if other treatment options are not effective.

Prevention of Supernumerary Teeth:

There is no known way to prevent supernumerary teeth from developing. However, early diagnosis and treatment of supernumerary teeth can help to prevent problems with dental development. Regular dental examinations can help to identify supernumerary teeth so that treatment can be started early.

Conclusion:

Supernumerary teeth are extra teeth that can develop in the mouth. These teeth are relatively rare, occurring in less than 0.5% of the population. They can cause problems if they erupt into the mouth and crowd or disturb the normal alignment of the teeth. Treatment may be required to remove the supernumerary tooth or to prevent problems with dental development.

Early diagnosis and treatment of supernumerary teeth can help to prevent problems with dental development. Regular dental examinations can help to identify supernumerary teeth so that treatment can be started early.