A periodontist is a dental specialist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the gums and supporting structures of teeth. These include problems such as gum recession, gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), periodontitis (chronic inflammation causing destruction of tissue serving as a foundation for teeth) and more.
Periodontists are specially trained to perform dental implant surgery, a procedure used in the restoration of missing teeth. Periodontists also manage cases of severe gum disease that do not respond well to treatment with non-surgical therapies.
There are a number of different types of periodontal diseases, each with its own set of symptoms and treatment options. The most common type of periodontal disease is gingivitis, which is characterized by inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis is often caused by poor oral hygiene, and can usually be reversed with good dental care.
If gingivitis is left untreated, however, it can lead to periodontitis, a more serious form of the disease. Periodontitis destroys the tissue and bone that support the teeth, eventually leading to tooth loss. Other types of periodontal diseases include:
1. Aggressive Periodontitis:
This form of the disease is characterized by rapid bone loss and often affects young adults.
2. Chronic Periodontitis:
This is the most common form of periodontitis, and is characterized by inflammation of the gums and gradual loss of bone supporting the teeth.
Periodontitis associated with systemic conditions: This form of periodontitis is associated with other medical conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory disease.
Symptoms of Periodontal diseases:
The most common symptom of periodontal disease is bleeding gums. Other symptoms include:
- Swollen gums
- Red gums
- Tender gums
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Receding gums
Periodontal disease is a serious condition that should be treated by a qualified periodontist. Treatment options vary depending on the type of disease and its severity, but commonly include:
- Scaling And Root Planing: This deep cleaning procedure is used to remove plaque and tartar from below the gum line. It also helps smooth out rough areas on the tooth root surface caused by bacterial toxins.
- Periodontal Surgery: This type of surgery is used to treat more advanced cases of periodontitis. It can help reduce pocket depth, repair damage to bone and gum tissue, and promote healing.
- Dental Implants: Dental implants are a permanent solution for missing teeth. The implant is placed in the jawbone, and a artificial tooth (crown) is then attached to the implant.
If you are experiencing any symptoms of periodontal disease, it is important to see a periodontist right away. With early diagnosis and treatment, periodontal disease can be controlled and your oral health can be maintained.
Periodontal disease is a common condition that affects the gums and tissues that support the teeth. If left untreated, it can lead to serious problems such as tooth loss and heart disease. Periodontists are dental professionals who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease.
If you think you may have periodontal disease, it is important to seek treatment from a qualified periodontist as soon as possible. Treatment options may include scaling and root planing, periodontal surgery, and dental implants, and can help preserve your oral health and overall well-being.