Periapical is a term that describes the area around the root tip of a tooth. It is also known as periradicular and often referred to as the apico-cemental junction. This is an important part of your teeth, as this is what holds it in place within your mouth. In the dental field, periapical refers to any abnormality in this area including inflammation, infection, trauma, and cysts.

Periapical Infections:

Periapical infections are a common dental issue. This is when the tooth root, also known as the periapical tissue, becomes infected due to bacteria in your mouth.

Analysis of Periapical Infections:

Although periapical infections can be quite painful, they generally do not occur without warning. If you have a sore tooth, it is important to see your dentist as soon as possible to get it checked out. There are a few things that your dentist will look for when trying to determine if you have a periapical infection:

  • Swollen gums around the affected tooth
  • Toothache that gets worse when pressure is applied to the tooth
  • Sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures
  • Foul-tasting discharge coming from the affected tooth

Treatment for Periapical Infections:

If your dentist determines that you have a periapical infection, they will likely recommend a course of treatment. This will usually involve a combination of antibiotics and root canal therapy.

1. Antibiotics:

These are used to kill the bacteria that is causing the infection. They can be taken orally or, in some cases, they may be applied directly to the affected tooth.

2. Root Canal Therapy:

This is a procedure that is used to remove the infected tissue from the tooth root and replace it with a filling material. This is usually done under local anesthesia, and it helps to relieve the pain and discomfort associated with periapical infections.

While there are some non-surgical treatments available for periapical infections, if these do not work or if your infection is severe, you may need to have surgery. This is typically a last resort option, but it may be necessary in some cases.

Surgery for periapical infections is typically done under general anesthesia. During the procedure, your dentist will make an incision in your gums and then remove the infected tissue. Once this is done, they will then clean and seal the tooth root to help prevent any future infections.

Periapical surgery is a type of dental procedure that is performed to correct abnormalities in the periapical area. This may be done to remove infection, relieve pain, or restore function to the affected tooth. The surgery is typically performed by an oral surgeon or periodontist, and can be done using one of two general approaches.


Periapical surgery is a relatively common dental procedure that is often very successful in treating infection, pain, and other abnormalities in the periapical area. If you are experiencing symptoms of periodontal disease or damage to your tooth root, it is important to seek the care of a qualified dental professional as soon as possible. Doing so can help prevent further damage to your oral health and may even save your tooth.