OVERDENTURE

Introduction:

An overdenture is a type of denture that is supported by and attached to remaining natural teeth or dental implants. An overdenture can be used to replace all of the teeth in your upper or lower jaw, or just a few teeth in either jaw.

Overdentures are usually more comfortable and stable than conventional dentures, and they come with a lower risk of developing sores in the mouth or slipping out of place. They also require less maintenance than conventional dentures, as they can be removed and cleaned each evening.

Types of Overdenture:

There are two main types of overdenture: Complete and Partial.

  • A complete overdenture covers your entire upper or lower jaw, while a partial overdenture only replaces some of the teeth in either jaw.
  • Complete overdentures are usually used to replace all of the teeth in the upper or lower jaw, while partial overdentures are used to replace one or more teeth in either jaw. 
  • Both complete and partial overdentures rely on dental implants or natural teeth as support, which provides a more stable fit than traditional dentures.
  • In addition to these two main types of overdenture, there are also several different designs that can be used depending on your individual needs and preferences.

Some of the most common designs include:

1. Bar-Retained Overdentures: These overdentures are supported by a metal bar that is attached to dental implants. The bar is typically made from titanium, which is a strong and durable material.

2. Ball-Retained Overdentures: These overdentures are supported by balls that are attached to implants or natural teeth. The balls help to keep the overdenture in place, while also providing a more comfortable fit.

3. Flipper-Retained Overdentures: These overdentures are held in place using a flipper, which is a small plastic retainer that snaps over your remaining natural teeth.

Advantages of an Overdenture:

There are many advantages to choosing an overdenture over a traditional denture, including:

  • Increased comfort: Overdentures are more comfortable than traditional dentures, as they fit securely in place and don’t require the use of adhesives.
  • Improved stability: Overdentures are supported by dental implants or natural teeth, which helps to improve stability and reduces the risk of them slipping out of place.
  • Enhanced durability: Overdentures are made from strong and durable materials, such as titanium or acrylic resin, which makes them more resistant to wear and tear than traditional dentures.
  • Low maintenance: Because overdentures can be removed and cleaned each evening, they require less maintenance than traditional dentures.

Disadvantages of an Overdenture:

While there are many advantages to choosing an overdenture over a traditional denture, there are also some disadvantages that you should be aware of before making your decision. These disadvantages include:

  • Higher cost: Overdentures are usually more expensive than traditional dentures, as they require the placement of dental implants or the use of natural teeth as support.
  • Longer treatment time: Overdentures usually require multiple dental visits and a longer treatment time than traditional dentures.
  • Possible complications: There is a risk of complications associated with the placement of dental implants or the use of natural teeth as support for an overdenture. These complications can include infection, nerve damage, and tooth decay.

Conclusion:

An overdenture is a type of denture that is supported by dental implants or natural teeth. Overdentures offer many advantages over traditional dentures, including increased comfort, improved stability, and enhanced durability.

However, they also come with some disadvantages, such as a higher cost and longer treatment time. If you are considering an overdenture, talk to your dentist to learn more about this type of denture and whether it is the right choice for you.