The gingiva, also known as the gums, is the tissue that surrounds and supports the teeth. Healthy gums are pink in color and firm, but not too hard. They fit snugly around the teeth and provide a seal that helps keep out bacteria and other harmful substances. 

Gingivitis is a condition in which the gums become inflamed and swollen. This can be caused by a build-up of plaque and tartar on the teeth. If not treated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, a more serious condition in which the gums and bone around the teeth become infected. Treatment for gingivitis includes regular brushing and flossing, as well as professional cleanings.

Difference between Gum and Gingiva:

  • The gums are the tissues that surround and support the teeth.
  • The gingiva refers to the mucosal tissue that covers the gums. 
  • The gingiva is attached to the gum tissue and helps to protect the teeth from bacteria and other irritants. 
  • The gums are made up of several different types of tissues, including mucous membranes, connective tissue and epithelial tissue.