The gingiva, also known as the gums, is the tissue that surrounds and supports the teeth. Healthy gums are pink in color and firm, but not too hard. They fit snugly around the teeth and provide a seal that helps keep out bacteria and other harmful substances. 

Gingivitis is a condition in which the gums become inflamed and swollen. This can be caused by a build-up of plaque and tartar on the teeth. If not treated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, a more serious condition in which the gums and bone around the teeth become infected. Treatment for gingivitis includes regular brushing and flossing, as well as professional cleanings.

Difference between Gum and Gingiva:

  • The gums are the tissues that surround and support the teeth.
  • The gingiva refers to the mucosal tissue that covers the gums. 
  • The gingiva is attached to the gum tissue and helps to protect the teeth from bacteria and other irritants. 
  • The gums are made up of several different types of tissues, including mucous membranes, connective tissue and epithelial tissue.



1. Does Gingiva grow back?

The answer is yes, gingiva can grow back. However, it may not be possible to fully restore the original size and shape of the gingiva. In some cases, gingival grafting (a surgical procedure to place healthy tissue over an area of damaged or missing gingiva) may be necessary to achieve the desired results. Good oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups are essential for maintaining healthy gingiva. If you have any concerns about the health of your gingiva, please consult your dentist.

2. What’s Gingival Inflammation?

Gingival inflammation is a condition in which the gums become swollen, red, and tender. It can be caused by plaque buildup on the teeth, incorrect tooth brushing techniques, or other factors. Gingival inflammation is usually treated with a combination of good oral hygiene and professional dental cleanings. In severe cases, medication may be necessary to control the inflammation.

3. Which part of Gingiva is keratinized?

Keratinized gingiva is the hard, outermost layer of gum tissue that covers the teeth. It is made up of thick, tough fibers that help protect the underlying tissues from damage. The keratinized gingiva extends from the free margin of the gingiva (the edge of the gum tissue that meets the lip or cheek) to the base of the sulcus (the shallow V-shaped groove that separates the gum tissue from the tooth). The width of the keratinized gingiva varies depending on the individual, but it is typically about 3-5 mm wide.

4. What’s the role of Gingival in oral health?

The gingiva play an important role in oral health. They help to protect the teeth and underlying bone from bacteria and other harmful substances. They also provide support for the teeth and help to keep them in place. Healthy gingiva are pink in color and firm, with a smooth surface.

If the gingiva become inflamed or damaged, they can become red, swollen, and tender. This can lead to gum disease, which can eventually lead to tooth loss. Therefore, it is important to take care of your gingiva by brushing and flossing regularly and visiting your dentist for regular check-ups.

5. Why is Gingiva coral pink in color?

The gingiva are coral pink in color because they contain a high concentration of blood vessels. These vessels help to keep the gingiva healthy by delivering oxygen and nutrients to the tissue. The pink color may also be due to the presence of pigments in the gingival tissue.

6. What’s the difference between Gingiva and Periodontium?

The gingiva are the soft, pink tissues that surround the teeth. The periodontium is a group of tissues that support the teeth, including the gingiva, alveolar bone, periodontal ligaments, and cementum. Together, these tissues help to hold the teeth in place and protect them from damage.

Gingival disease can damage the periodontium and lead to tooth loss. Therefore, it is important to take care of your gingiva by brushing and flossing regularly and visiting your dentist for regular check-ups.