FISTULA

Introduction:

A fistula in dental terms is an abnormal passage between two epithelial-lined surfaces. In the mouth, it most commonly refers to a communication between the floor of the mouth and the underside of the tongue. A fistula may also occur between the gum and teeth, or between different teeth. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, drainage, and difficulty speaking or swallowing. Treatment depends on the cause and may include antibiotics, surgery, or radiation therapy.

Causes for Fistula:

There are many causes for fistula. Trauma, such as a blow to the mouth, can cause a fistula to form. Infection, such as periodontal disease, may also lead to a fistula. Some tumors or cysts may form a fistula as well. In some cases, the cause of a fistula cannot be ident.

Symptoms of Fistula:

Symptoms of a fistula  may include pain, swelling, drainage, and difficulty speaking or swallowing.

Treatment of Fistula:

Treatment of a fistula will depend on the cause. If the cause is infection, antibiotics may be prescribed. If the cause is a tumor or cyst, surgery may be necessary. If the cause is unknown, radiation therapy may be recommended.

Preventive measures:

There are no specific preventive measures for fistula in dental terms. However, maintaining good oral hygiene and getting regular dental checkups may help to prevent fistulas from forming.