DENTURE

Introduction:

A denture is a removable dental prosthesis that replaces missing teeth. A complete denture is an appliance that covers the upper and lower arches of teeth. Partial dentures are designed to replace one or more missing teeth. Dentures are made out of acrylic resin, metal, or a combination of both.

The fabrication of dentures begins with an impression of the patient’s teeth and gums. This impression is used to create a model of the patient’s mouth. The model is then used to create a plaster cast of the patient’s mouth. The denture is sculpted on this plaster cast. Once the denture is finished, it is polished and fitted to the patient’s mouth.

Dentures should be kept clean by brushing them with a toothbrush and denture cleaner. They should also be rinsed with water after each use. Dentures should be stored in a denture cup or container when not in use.

Types of Dentures:

There are three types of dentures: complete dentures, partial dentures, and implant-supported dentures.

1. Complete Dentures:

Complete dentures are dental appliances that replace all of the teeth in one or both jaws. They are made out of acrylic resin or a combination of metal and acrylic resin. Complete dentures are attached to the gums with dental adhesive.

2. Partial Dentures:

Partial dentures are dental appliances that replace one or more missing teeth. They are made out of acrylic resin or a combination of metal and acrylic resin. Partial dentures are attached to the natural teeth with metal clasps or plastic retainers.

3. Implant-Supported Dentures:

Implant-supported dentures are dental appliances that replace all of the teeth in one or both jaws. They are made out of acrylic resin or a combination of metal and acrylic resin. Implant-supported dentures are held in place by implants, which are screws that are surgically implanted into the jawbone.

Functions of Dentures:

Dentures perform several functions

  • They replace missing teeth.
  • They help maintain the shape of the face.
  • They help keep the jawbone healthy.
  • They improve the patient’s ability to chew and speak.

Advantages:

There are several advantages to wearing dentures:

  • They are a less expensive option than dental implants.
  • They are removable, which makes them easier to clean than fixed dental appliances.
  • They can be replaced if they become damaged or lost.

Disadvantages:

There are several disadvantages to wearing dentures:

  • They can be difficult to adjust to.
  • They can slip out of place.
  • They may cause soreness or irritation in the gums.
  • They may make the patient’s voice sound different.
  • They may be uncomfortable to wear for long periods of time.
  • They may need to be replaced more often than fixed dental appliances.
  • They are not as aesthetically pleasing as dental implants.
  • They may increase the risk of oral infection.

Conclusion:

Dentures perform several functions, including replacing missing teeth, maintaining the shape of the face, and keeping the jawbone healthy. Dentures are a common and affordable dental appliance that can replace missing teeth. They have several advantages and disadvantages, but are a good option for people who are missing teeth.