Caries is the scientific term for tooth decay. It is caused by bacteria in the mouth that produce acids that eat away at the tooth enamel. Caries is a progressive disease, meaning it will get worse over time if not treated.
The best way to prevent caries is to practice good oral hygiene and visit your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings. If you do get caries, it can be treated with fillings, crowns, or other dental procedures.
What causes Caries?
1. Caries is caused by bacteria in the mouth that produce acids. These acids eat away at the tooth enamel, which is the hard outer layer of the teeth. The bacteria that cause caries are found in plaque, a sticky film that forms on the teeth. Plaque is made up of food particles, saliva, and bacteria.
2. If plaque is not removed, it can harden into tartar. Tartar is difficult to remove and can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist.
What are the symptoms of Caries?
The early symptoms of caries include:
- White spots on the teeth
- Demineralization of the tooth enamel
- Sensitivity to cold or sweet foods
As the disease progresses, the symptoms can include:
- Tooth decay
- Pain when biting or chewing
If you experience any of these symptoms, you should see your dentist as soon as possible. Early treatment can prevent the disease from getting worse and causing more extensive damage to your teeth.
How can I prevent Caries?
1. The best way to prevent caries is to practice good oral hygiene. This means brushing your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings.
2. If you have caries, it is important to treat it early to prevent the disease from getting worse. The most common treatment for caries is a filling. Fillings are made of materials that harden in the tooth to restore its shape and function.
3. Crowns, veneers, and other dental procedures can also be used to treat caries.
Caries is a preventable disease. By practicing good oral hygiene and visiting your dentist regularly, you can keep your teeth healthy and avoid the pain and complications of this disease.