Abutment in dental implants refers to a small metal connector piece used to join the implant post to the artificial tooth. The abutment acts as a support for the new tooth, and also provides stability and strength to the overall dental implant. Abutments are usually made from titanium or other strong metals, and are placed directly into the jawbone beneath the gum line. Once in place, the abutment is not visible and cannot be removed without surgery.

Types of Abutment :

There are two main types of abutment in dental implants: screw-retained and cement-retained. Screw-retained abutments are held in place by a small screws, while cement-retained abutments use a special type of dental cement to adhere to the implant post. Both types of abutment are safe and effective, and it is largely up to the dentist’s preference which type to use.

Advantages of Abutment :

There are several advantages to using an abutment in dental implants.

  • First, the abutment provides a stable and secure connection between the implant post and the artificial tooth. This helps to ensure that the tooth remains in place and does not move or shift over time.
  • Second, the abutment acts as a support system for the artificial tooth, helping to keep it in place and preventing it from moving or falling out. This is especially important for teeth that are used for chewing or biting down on.
  • Finally, the abutment helps to add strength and stability to the overall dental implant, making it more durable and long-lasting.

Disadvantages of Abutment :

There are a few disadvantages to using an abutment in dental implants.

  • First, the abutment is a permanent part of the implant and cannot be removed without surgery. This means that if there are any problems with the abutment, it will require surgical intervention to fix.
  • Second, the abutment can sometimes be visible above the gum line, which can be a cosmetic concern for some patients.
  • Finally, the abutment adds an additional cost to the overall dental implant procedure.


Overall, the abutment is an important part of the dental implant process and provides a number of benefits to the patient. It is a strong and secure connector that helps to keep the artificial tooth in place, while also adding strength and stability to the implant. Although there are some disadvantages to using an abutment, they are minor compared.