An impacted tooth is one that has not erupted into the mouth or has only partially erupted. Impacted teeth can cause a number of problems, including pain, infection, and damage to adjacent teeth. Treatment for impacted teeth may involve removing the tooth, surgically exposing the tooth, or orthodontic treatment to move the tooth into proper alignment.

Causes of Impacted Tooth:

There are a number of reasons why teeth may become impacted. The most common cause is simply that there is not enough room in the mouth for all of the teeth to erupt. Other causes include:

  • Teeth that are crowded or misaligned
  • Jawbone abnormalities
  • Oral piercings or

Overcrowding other objects that block the path of eruption

  • Cleft palate of or other congenital defects

How are impacted teeth diagnosed?

Impacted teeth are usually diagnosed during a routine dental examination. Your dentist will examine your mouth and teeth and take X-rays to determine if any of your teeth are impacted.


The most common symptom of an impacted tooth is pain. The pain may be caused by pressure on the surrounding teeth or gum tissue, or by infection. Other symptoms may include:

  • Swelling of the gums
  • Bad breath
  • Difficulty chewing or biting
  • A change in the alignment of the teeth


The treatment for an impacted tooth will depend on a number of factors, including the location and severity of the impactions, as well as your age and overall health. Treatment options may include:

1. Tooth Removal 

In some cases, the best treatment option may be to remove the impacted tooth. This is usually done if the tooth is severely damaged or decayed, or if it poses a risk of infection.

2. Surgical Exposure 

Surgical exposure may be recommended if the impacted tooth can be saved. During this procedure, the gum tissue covering the tooth is surgically opened so that the tooth can be exposed. The exposed tooth can then be moved into proper alignment with orthodontic treatment.

3. Orthodontic Treatment 

In some cases, orthodontic treatment may be used to move an impacted tooth into proper alignment. This is usually done if the tooth is not severely damaged or decayed, and if there is enough space in the mouth for the tooth to be moved.

Complications of Impacted Tooth:

Complications of impacted teeth can include pain, infection, and damage to adjacent teeth. If left untreated, an impacted tooth can lead to serious problems, such as:

  • Cysts or tumors: Impacted teeth can cause cysts or tumors to form around the tooth. These growths can damage the adjacent teeth and bone, and may require surgery to remove them.
  • Infection: If an impacted tooth is not treated, it can become infected. The infection can spread to the surrounding teeth and gum tissue, and may even lead to sepsis, a potentially life-threatening condition.
  • Damage to adjacent teeth: Impacted teeth can damage the adjacent teeth by pushing or crowding them out of alignment. This can lead to problems with chewing and biting, and may require orthodontic treatment to correct.

Preventive measures:

The best way to prevent impacted teeth is to have a regular dental examination. During your exam, your dentist will check for any signs of tooth impaction and can recommend treatment to prevent the problem from getting worse. You should also practice good oral hygiene habits, such as brushing and flossing daily, to help keep your teeth and gums healthy.


Impacted teeth are a common dental problem that can cause pain, infection, and damage to adjacent teeth. If left untreated, an impacted tooth can lead to serious complications. The best way to prevent impacted teeth is to have a regular dental examination and practice good oral hygiene habits. If you think you may have an impacted tooth, be sure to see your dentist for an evaluation.